PMS or premenstrual syndrome include
symptoms such as depression, tension, headache breast tenderness,
water retention, bloating low energy and irritability. Vitamin
B6 and magnesium and zinc may useful to reduce breast tenderness
and swelling as they play a role in making prostaglandins.
Gamma-linolenic acid, an essential fatty acid found in evening
primrose oil and borage oils can also help reduce PMS symptoms.
Some women with more pronounced symptoms cannot be corrected
by diet and supplements alone. This imbalance is caused
by estrogen dominance and relative lack of progesterone.
Estradiol is the most potent estrogen.
There is a fine balance between the female hormones estrogen
and progesterone, maintaining a complementary and antagonistic
effect to keep the body in homeostasis.
Estrogen is a feminizing hormone. They
shape the female body; enlarge breast and pelvis and increases
blood supply to the skin
Progesterone prepares the uterus for
implantation of a fertilized egg cell. It plays an essential
role of pregnancy.
Daily secretion in young healthy
women is about 60-200ug and progesterone secretion 1-2mg
day in the first half of menstrual cycle and 20-40 milligram
in the second half.
One in every four couples suffers from
some degree of infertility. The chances of conceiving decreases
by 2% for every year the man is over twenty-four regardless
of how young the partner is. However, research has shown
that if both partners are in good health and receiving optimum
levels of right nutrients, the effect of age affecting the
chances of conceiving and having a successful pregnancy
can be reduced.
Optimum nutrition starts early; it takes 3 months for sperm
to mature while the ovum takes a month. The male partner
is responsible for a third of infertility cases. For men
taking vitamin C, B6, zinc and essential fatty acids may
increase sperm count. For women, slight deficiencies in
vitaminB1, B2, B6 folic acid, zinc, calcium and magnesium
have been linked to birth abnormalities.
Smoking , caffeine and alcohol
should be avoided at all times while planning for pregnancy.